Jul 26, 2019 · Erik Erikson was an ego psychologist who developed one of the most popular and influential theories of development. While his theory was impacted by psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud's work, Erikson's theory centered on psychosocial development rather than psychosexual development.The stages that make up his theory are as follows. Jul 23, 2014 · Erikson’s psychosocial theory of development considers the impact of external factors, parents and society on personality development from childhood to adulthood. According to Erikson’s theory, every person must pass through a series of eight interrelated stages over the entire life cycle . 1. Infancy: Birth-18 Months Old.
Erikson developed his theory of psychosocial development from the late 1940's until the 1990's. He was influenced by both Sigmund and Anna Freud and Montessori education methods in the 1930s in Vienna, through his studies of the Ogallala Sioux in the USA, and by his teaching and clinical practices at Harvard, Yale and Berkley (Erik Erikson, n.d.). Erikson is often criticized for supporting a limited view of human development. Critics argue Erikson focused too much on childhood, neglecting the development that occurs in adulthood.
Jan 29, 2019 · Erikson was influenced by the work of Sigmund Freud, particularly Freud's stage theory of psychosexual development. Erikson expanded on the five stages outlined by Freud by assigning psychosocial tasks to each stage, then adding three additional stages for later periods of adulthood. Developmental psychologist Erik H. Erikson (1902-1994) was best known for his theory on social development of human beings, and for coining the phrase identity crisis.. The theory describes eight stages through which a healthily developing human should pass from infancy to late adulthood.